Lastly! Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) has launched its annual compendium (for FY18) on tendencies in labour market, albeit with a two-year hiatus. The doc, which follows ten key indicators, is touted by PBS as an “empirical prelude in direction of strategizing for full, productive employment”, beneath SDG, goal eight.5.
Whereas the doc’s scope is restricted, it doesn’t provide information factors for all key metrics throughout similar time interval, the statistics associated to agriculture sector make for an fascinating learn.
At 37.four p.c share in whole employment, the as soon as largest sector by labour pressure participation price is quick dropping its primacy. For the primary time presumably since independence, providers sector has taken the lead, albeit by just one.2 share factors.
Equally fascinating is the gender-wise breakdown of sectoral share. In sharp distinction to countrywide tendencies, sectoral share in whole feminine employment stands at a staggering 66.1 p.c, in comparison with simply 29.6 p.c for males.
One other key indicator is share of employed within the sector working 50 hours or extra. In comparison with business and providers sector, agri-labour individuals come out on the backside for common variety of hours labored throughout every week, with near 28 p.c of whole working extra hours. Distinction this with commerce and providers sector, the place over 68 p.c of whole spend punching within the proverbial 9 hours day by day.
That is stunning contemplating that whereas common work week in city and peri-urban concentrated providers sectors is often five-six days, a typical work week at farms doesn’t essentially comply with the weekday-weekend conference. Moreover, for the reason that metric signifies common work week, the seasonal depth of farmers’ toil doesn’t clarify away the excellence.
But, of most significance to these monitoring the SDG objectives is the metric least highlighted: sectoral employment with no formal training. Countrywide, near 41 p.c of labour pressure lacks any formal coaching. Examine this to 63 p.c for agriculture and slightly beneath 23 p.c for wholesale and retail commerce, and the stark actuality of rural-urban divide in literacy turns into obvious. Sadly, no gender-wise or geographical break up is shared for the disgrace; making it troublesome to spotlight enchancment if any through the years.
The doc defines “own-account staff and contributing household staff” as these vulnerably employed. A definitely helpful indicator of state of labour welfare, the metric seems to be a misnomer for agricultural section. As per the doc, over 88 p.c of staff within the sector are vulnerably employed. But, in actuality, it solely signifies that numerous farmers and herders present for themselves, as a substitute of getting to hunt employment elsewhere.
The doc is a helpful stepping stone for these searching for info on state of labour within the nation. However extra is required when it comes to historic tendencies throughout all SDG indicators so as to measure progress over time.
Copyright Enterprise Recorder, 2019
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