In September 2016, an old-fashioned home in Virginia, used for instructing black college students through the period of segregation, was sprayed with offensive graffiti. The culprits got an uncommon sentence – studying. Two-and-a-half years later, the BBC’s Emma Jane Kirby asks whether or not the punishment labored.
From the second Prosecutor and Deputy Commonwealth Legal professional Alejandra Rueda heard in regards to the racist and anti-Semitic graffiti scrawled throughout the varsity home in Ashburn, Loudoun County, Virginia, she suspected the culprits have been kids.
“The graffiti was racially charged – that they had spray-painted swastikas and phrases like ‘White Energy’ and ‘Brown Energy’,” she remembers. “However there have been additionally pictures of dinosaurs, girls’s breasts and penises. And I assumed, ‘This does not appear to be the work of subtle KKK folks out to intimidate – it appears to be like extra just like the work of dumb youngsters.'”
Her instinct proved appropriate. 5 kids aged 16 and 17 have been arrested for the crime and pleaded responsible to 1 depend of destruction of personal property and one depend of illegal entry.
The youngsters have been unaware of the importance of the constructing that they had defaced. It was the Ashburn Colored College, an historic constructing that had been utilized by black kids throughout segregation in Northern Virginia. The prosecutor believes the kids have been simply kicking out in opposition to authority after one in all them had been expelled from his faculty, however she understands why the city was so shocked by the crime.
“The neighborhood blew up. Understandably. However you recognize, a few of the youngsters did not even know what a swastika meant. So I noticed a studying alternative. With kids you may both punish or you may rehabilitate and these have been youngsters with no prior document and I assumed again to what taught me after I was their age, what opened my eyes to different cultures and religions… and it was studying.”
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The decide within the case endorsed the prosecutor’s order – that the youngsters needs to be handed down a studying sentence (or “disposition” as a sentence is understood in juvenile instances). Alejandra Rueda drew up a listing of 35 books and ordered the offenders to decide on one title a month for a yr and to jot down an task on every of the 12 books they selected.
The titles included Alice Walker’s The Shade Purple, My title Is Asher Lev by Chaim Potok, I Know Why the Caged Chook Sings by Maya Angelou, Cry The Beloved Nation by Alan Paton and Khaled Hosseini’s The Kite Runner.
Having grown up in Mexico in a bilingual literary household – her mom was a faculty librarian – Alejandra Rueda says she owes her personal cultural and racial consciousness to sure books her mom prescribed. Her mom was decided her daughters ought to know in regards to the Holocaust, racial hatred and the implications of holding prejudice based mostly on race, faith or ethnicity.
“I had no concept about apartheid in South Africa till I learn Alan Paton and that simply blew my thoughts – I had had no schooling in any respect about apartheid,” she says. “Likewise, I knew nothing about Israel till I learn Exodus by Leon Uris. So these books needed to go on my studying record and I additionally added classics everybody ought to know, like To Kill A Mockingbird.”
The decide was extensively praised for attempting to coach the adolescents out of their offending behaviour, however some members of the black neighborhood wrote letters of grievance to native and nationwide newspapers arguing that youngsters of color would by no means have been handled so leniently. Actually, whereas not one of the offenders was black, Alejandra Rueda says three have been from ethnic minorities.
Twelve of the 35 books
Issues Fall Aside – Chinua Achebe
I Know Why the Caged Chook Sings – Maya Angelou
The Tortilla Curtain – T C Boyle
The Kite Runner – Khaled Hosseini
To Kill a Mockingbird – Harper Lee
12 Years a Slave – Solomon Northup
The Crucible – Arthur Miller
Cry the Beloved Nation – Alan Paton
My Identify is Asher Lev – Chaim Potok
Exodus – Leon Uris
The Shade Purple – Alice Walker
Evening – Elie Wiesel
“And the sentence was on no account lenient,” she argues.
“These youngsters had no prior document so there was no manner they have been going to get a custodial sentence at a penitentiary.
“The sentence I gave was harsher than what they’d usually have obtained. Usually it will simply be probation which might imply checking in with a probation officer as soon as a month and possibly just a few hours of neighborhood service and writing a letter to make an apology. Right here they needed to write 12 assignments and a three,500-word essay on racial hatred and symbols within the context of what they’d executed… It was a variety of work.”
All 5 of the youngsters efficiently accomplished their studying and written assignments together with obligatory visits to the Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington and the Museum of American Historical past’s exhibit on Japanese-American internment camps within the US.
Two years later, none has reoffended, and all are nonetheless in schooling. The youngsters’ attorneys say their households have been “embarrassed” by their “silly prank” and that the sentence had had its “meant impact”.
Not one of the offenders was prepared to offer an interview about their expertise, however one agreed that the conclusion of his closing essay might be shared:
I realized quite a bit from scripting this paper about how issues can have an effect on folks – I had no concept about how in-depth the darkest components of human historical past go. I keep in mind sitting in historical past class and studying about this sort of stuff in like two days after which shifting on the following week and I assumed that was that. I by no means actually seemed deep into what went on as a result of an even bigger a part of me actually did not need to know the horrors.
I assumed a swastika was only a image and it did not actually imply a lot – not any extra. I used to be mistaken and it meant quite a bit to people who find themselves affected by them. It jogs my memory of the worst issues – dropping relations and mates, of the ache of torture, psychological and bodily, amongst that it reminds them how hateful folks will be and the way the world will be merciless and unfair. Swastikas are additionally a reminder of oppression, not being heard and being stored down on the bottom. Swastikas are additionally an indication of white energy, that their race is above all else, which isn’t the case.
Folks mustn’t really feel lower than what they’re and no person ought to make them really feel that manner. I really feel particularly terrible after scripting this paper about how I made anyone really feel unhealthy. All people needs to be handled with equality, regardless of their race or faith or sexual orientation. I’ll do my finest to see to it that I’m by no means this ignorant once more.
When she reaches the ultimate sentence, Alejandra Rueda, who has been studying it out to me, all of a sudden breaks down in tears.
“It makes me cry,” she tells me. “However it makes me really feel nice as a result of he acquired it! It labored!”
She wipes her eyes on a handkerchief.
“It labored,” she says once more, emphatically. “And custodial sentences do not work. OK, some youngsters need to be in detention as a result of they’re harmful to society or to themselves however for essentially the most half, detention will be very traumatic and that’s not the aim of the felony justice system in terms of kids.”
She blows her nostril. “Look, I do know I do not sound like a prosecutor right here however that’s not what I intention to do with kids which is why I needed to be as artistic as potential with this case.”
Actually, Loudoun County has spent the previous yr overhauling its juvenile justice system.
Alejandra Rueda sits on one of many “diversion committees” and hopes that studying and literacy will now be routinely used within the courts of Loudoun County. Her “studying disposition” has already been utilized in one other case when a 13-year-old boy was discovered responsible of threatening behaviour and racially insulting a black youngster. He was additionally sentenced to a studying record, though the titles chosen have been extra applicable for his age group.
“Now we have to coach youngsters out of ignorance,” says Alejandra Rueda. “And with kids, our focus must be on rehabilitation and never retribution if we would like outcomes.”
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